About the weather

O2 Medical Network

The territories of Cusco are under the macro-climatic influence of great masses of air coming from the South Eastern forest, the Altiplano, and even from the distant region of Patagonia. The winds of the southern jungle imply immense masses of moisture-laden air, which are driven by the east trade winds.

The winds coming from the Bolivian Peruvian Altiplano are rather cold and dry, as are those coming from Patagonia and usually involving larger scale events. These enter the south eastern area. On the other hand, the local winds that are generated in the valleys and the plains of Cusco have the function of distributing heat and humidity throughout the day. In general, there are two climatic seasons: the rainy season, from November to March and the dry season, from April to October.

Types of weather

About the weather


They correspond to the zones of low forest, as much to the north in the low Urubamba, as to the east of the department in the entrance of the valleys Pillcopata and Araza.

  • Precipitation: More than 1,000 mm. Per year.
  • Temperatures: High: Around 30 °
  • Median: Between 23 ° and 25 °
  • Low: Around 20 °


Warm and dry climates, on the other hand, occur in the low yungas that appear, in the shape of canyons, in the Apurimac River basin, to the center and southwest of the department.

  • Precipitations: Less than 500 mm. Year
  • Temperatures: Maximum: Up to 32 °
  • Median: Between 17 ° and 18 °
  • Minimum: Up to 4.4 °

Warm (Wet and dry)

Climates of the inter-Andean valleys that dominate the central area of Cusco, where the difference in humidity is marked by the location on the slope. That is, the proximity to the east implies more humidity, while the proximity to the west implies more dryness. Temperate zones are of vital importance for the settlement of populations.

  • Temperatures: Maximum: Up to 29 °
  • Median: Between 11 ° and 16 °
  • Low: Between 7 ° and -4 °

Cold (Wet and dry)

They occur mainly in the high valleys, in the punas and in the regions surrounding the glaciers; That is, in areas that are above 3,800 m.s.n.m.

  • Temperatures: Maximum: Up to 10 °
  • Median: They vary according to altitude
  • Low: Under 0 °