These are physiological reactions caused by the poor adaptation of our organism to the lack of oxygen, when we ascend rapidly to altitudes higher than 2400 meters above sea level (m.s.n.m.). In some individuals, the symptoms do not manifest themselves. In others, they take a few days to appear, and there are those who feel them a few hours after they ascend.
Some of the symptoms are headache, dizziness, fatigue, physical exhaustion and agitation. Lack of concentration, hunger and energy. Sleep disorders, digestive disorders, nausea or vomiting may also occur. The most severe cases cause pulmonary edema and / or cerebral edema.
10 TIPS TO OVERCOME ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS
1. Let’s start with the obvious: if you have a chronic illness or medical condition, check with your doctor before traveling.
2. Keep in mind that the key is that the acclimatization time is gradual. If your trip includes sports at altitude, start preparing as soon as possible.
3. “Drink before you are thirsty, eat before you are hungry, wrap up before you are cold, and rest before exhaustion.”
4. Move quietly, at a slow pace. In some countries we tell you to go “tortoise”. Without hurry, without running, do everything calm, because if height does not take its toll.
5. Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking cigarettes. Alcohol helps to dehydrate your body, so it will increase the likelihood that you will get the acute mountain sickness. If you have difficulty breathing, imagine how your body will feel after a cigarette.
6. Dress in layers to protect your body temperature. When you start the tour, it’s probably not cold. But as you go up, the climate and temperature can change. In addition, if the plan includes staying to sleep, the thermal amplitude will be felt (in some places on the planet the difference in temperature between day and night can be 50 ° C).
7. Load with you the local remedies. Coca has been used for thousands of years among the natives of our continent and its properties to treat soroche are very good. You can eat coca leaves in several ways.
In countries such as Bolivia and Peru, coca tea is common in breakfasts and snacks wherever they go or stay. Another option is to chew them. You must chew them and place them on the side of the mouth. Do not swallow them, just leave them there while secreting their juice (which is not the most pleasant in the world). If you find it unpleasant, try the coca candy.
The coca leaf is also good for relieving menstrual pains, or headaches, dental and muscular. It also acts as a stimulant (like coffee and other teas). And they say, it even helps keep white teeth like pearls!
8. Travel accompanied and with someone who knows the area. If you venture into the mountains and do not have much experience, it is best to go accompanied. So, in case of emergency or you experience the symptoms of Acute Mountain Evil, you will have someone to support you.
9. Use sunblock, hat and glasses. This is not directly related to “altitude sickness”, but it is also important to remember. The sun’s rays are stronger at higher altitudes, so protect yourself well.
10. It is likely that you should adapt your diet. It is necessary that you are well fed to have the necessary energy to face the ascent. Although you use some means of transport and do not make efforts, you also have to feed yourself with enough easily digestible carbohydrates in small doses, such as fruits, jellies and starchy foods.